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Escherichia coli are bacteria or germs present in the digestive tracts of animals as well as humans. Though most of the E. coli bacteria are harmless, some cause diarrhea along with blood loss, severe anemia, kidney failure, urinary tract infections and other types of infections. The symptoms of E. coli infection include abdominal cramping, bruising, bloody urine, decreased urine output, dehydration fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, nausea and pale skin. E. coli bacteria can infect the meat during its processing, and it can infect other food materials in the vicinity. E. coli can infect raw milk and dairy products if milk is not properly pasteurized. Older people and children under the age of five are more prone to E. coli infection. Additionally, in water treatment plants, E. coli is the test organism for finding out the effectiveness of the effluent disinfection treatment process. Membrane filtration is the most popular testing method utilized for E. coli globally as it is possible to test a large volume of samples of water.
E. Coli Testing Market: Drivers and Restraints
The increasing number of diarrhea cases across the world is driving the growth of the global E. coli testing market. The emergence of new end-users of bacteria, which are drug-resistant provides a boost to the E. coli testing market. The improved support from governments for E. coli testing is a major factor that drives the growth of the market. In the environment water testing segment, technological advancements and the polymerase chain reaction tests are providing growth opportunities to the major players in the market. The increasing cost involved in the enzyme substrate tests is restraining the growth of the E. coli testing industry slightly.
Moreover, the presence of the government and other major sponsors in the market are expected to provide market barriers for the new players in the global E. coli testing market during the forecast period. The increasing number of E. coli infections and the emergence of new technologies are attracting new players to the market. Furthermore, in terms of volume, Membrane filtration method is expected to be the leading E. coli testing method. Enzyme-substrate reaction tests are qualitative tests, which establish the presence of E. coli if a colored substrate is produced. It accounts for approximately 80% of overall revenue in the E. coli testing market.
E. Coli Testing Market: Regional Analysis
North America leads the global E. coli testings the market as there is significant government funding in the healthcare system. The U.S. drives the North American market with the introduction of advanced testing technologies. After the outbreaks of E. coli infections in certain countries during the early part of this decade, The European market has become stable. France, Germany, and the UK are the major countries that drive the European E. coli testings market, as there is an emphasis to curtail any further major E. coli outbreaks. Increasing water pollution in countries such as China and India are expected to drive the Asia-Pacific E. coli testings market.
Moreover, the presence of a huge population in the region has prompted several major players to invest and expand in the Asia-Pacific region. Governments in the region are spreading awareness about E. coli infections and it is helping the market to grow. In Africa, the presence of waterborne and foodborne E. coli infections in developing and developed countries are expected to drive the E. coli testing market. Latin American E. coli testing market is also expected to experience growth during the forecast period.
E. Coli Testing Market: Competitive Landscape
The report provides profiles of the companies in the market such as Abbott, Bio-Rad Laboratories, Inc., Bureau Veritas SA, Enzo Life Sciences, Inc., Eurofins Scientific, F. Hoffmann-La Roche Ltd., HyServe, Idexx Laboratories, SGS SA, Thermo Fisher Scientific Inc., and Others.
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